The education system in Punjab has a long and rich history that dates back to ancient times. Punjab, which literally means "the land of five rivers," has been a cultural and educational center for thousands of years.
During the ancient period, education in Punjab was mainly centered around religious teachings. The Vedas, the Upanishads, and the Bhagavad Gita were the primary texts that were studied in ancient Punjab. The Gurukul system of education was prevalent during this time, where students lived with their teachers and learned through a process of discussion and practical learning.
In the medieval period, Punjab came under the influence of various Islamic rulers, including the Mughals. During this time, Islamic education and culture also flourished in Punjab. Many madrasas (Islamic schools) were established, which focused on teaching the Quran, Islamic law, and other religious subjects.
The British colonial period saw the introduction of modern education in Punjab. The first modern schools were established in the early 19th century, and by the end of the century, several colleges and universities were also established. The Punjab University, which was established in 1882, was the first university in the region.
After India gained independence in 1947, Punjab was divided into two parts, with the eastern part becoming a part of India and the western part becoming a part of Pakistan. Both countries have continued to invest in education, and today, Punjab is home to several prestigious universities, including Punjab University, Guru Nanak Dev University, and Panjab University.
In recent years, the education system in Punjab has undergone several changes and improvements. The state government has implemented several initiatives to improve the quality of education in the state, including the establishment of new schools and colleges, the introduction of modern teaching methods, and the recruitment of qualified teachers. Today, Punjab has one of the highest literacy rates in India, with over 76% of the population being literate.
Schools, Colleges, Universities and other educational institutions from Punjab are listed here. Employment Training Institutes : Coaching Centers, Computer Education etc. also included.